Tuesday, July 10, 2007

Peas

I sleep in a bedroom painted “Pea Green.” It is a colour that follows you into slumber, pulling the gate of the day to. I got the idea from a friend, who years ago painted every room (in a house I never saw, with his lover whom I was too late to meet), all in shades of green. A vegetal interior, top to bottom leaf, frond and furl. I imagine that this was like living inside out; they made themselves a house in which they could roam the greenwood. And it was a turning away from the taut business of choice: instead of seeking the one perfect verdant shade, they had gathered swathes of greens and chosen all.

The greenest fruit, the pea, has been used as a fulcrum for some dubious practices of selection. One of the stories that Hans Christian Andersen collected, The Princess and the Pea, tells of the prince who must marry a princess, and only a real one will do. One evening just such a princess turns up, sodden, seeking shelter from the rain. She is offered a bed of twenty mattresses and twenty featherbeds too, under which a single pea has been stranded by a queen’s bony hand. In the morning, when asked how she slept, she complains roundly of something in the bed that bruised her all over. Seized by this as proof of the girl’s blue-blood, the queen whisks her to the altar with her witless son. Why did that pinched monarch think that this particular legume would single out a princess? Raised in the stalked siblinghood of a pod, a pea is as companionable as a syllable. What truck would it have with overseeing the segregation of real from pretend princesses? And leaving its siblings aside for a moment, the single pea, inside its own dashing jacket, is a fellow of two halves. The pea knows, surely, that we are all seamed creatures, as liable to split as roll.

My own feeling is that the small green pea in Andersen’s tale is actually a red herring. The princess satisfies her future mother-in-law not because she is a highly calibrated critic, but because she knows how to throw a huge hissy fit. The real princess knows to complain, even about the luxuries that cushion her. This is the true sign of aristocracy so-called. All lower orders are raised to emit thanks routinely, smoothing over the failings of others and anxiously sweeping the spaces we occupy, all to ward off eviction. I was always fascinated by the amplified, excessive comforts of that square heap of mattresses, but I was never sure whether I desired to be the girl atop them, or the secret but telling pea stifled under their weight. Of course, if the queen is right and breeding always tells, then my place in the story is as the unstoried chambermaid, who must heave down the manic pile of bedding in the morning, shaking her mobcapped head when she unearths the hard nubble of the pea.

The queen’s pea, to suit her purpose, would clearly have been dried, not fresh. Dried peas featured in my childhood, also as an agent of separation. On visits to my Nana and Poppa in Birmingham, we were served up green peas, heated from frozen, with our plates of meat and potatoes. But mysteriously, Poppa had his own special peas – marrowfat dried peas that had to be set to soak the day before. Curious, I would lower the swing-down step of the steppy stool, climb up to counter level and peer into the bowl of large, sullen peas submerged beneath the water. Their grey-green pallor, their wizen that swelled to a slow smoothness, held a kind of goblin allure for me. At dinner, I often petitioned to have a spoonful of them on my plate, partly to taste their floury outlandishness and partly to see if my childish request to share his food might penetrate the seclusion of my grandfather. Husked and dry himself, his taste for marrowfat peas came from the privations of the war. I don’t know if dried peas were part of the diet of the submarines he served in, or the civilian rations he came home to, but his special bowl on the kitchen counter was a signal that this household had been assembled in the crucible of war, and that the very taste of combat, as well as its silences, remained beneath the everyday prattle of the present. Our peas, green and verdant as the summer day on which they were frozen, burst sweet on our tongues even as I watched Poppa at the end of the table, lifting forkfuls of his own gray peas to his lips.

Beatrix Potter, writing in 1918 at the end of an earlier war, understood peas and the translations they could effect. She uses peas not to differentiate, but to muddle up class and place. Peas get Timmy Willie, the simple country mouse, into some trouble in a hamper. Having crawled in through a hole in the wicker-work and feasted on the peas inside, Timmy Willie takes a post-prandial nap and ends up transported to the city. In the city he must negotiate the nice manners, the neckties and dining tables of city mice. Out of place, transferred by the love of peas into the perils of sophistication, Timmy Willie longs to return home. He finally makes it back, under the protection of that most despised of vegetables, the cabbage. But the tale of the country mouse and the city mouse is not a tale of the indissoluble differences between classes and ways of living; it is a verdant love story. Potter’s watercolors are all tinted with dreamy greens in this tale, from the hammock-like pod Timmy Willie falls asleep in, to his geranium leaf umbrella, to the withered cabbage leaf that chaperones him back to his much-missed country life. Finally, when Johnny Town-mouse visits him in his violet-scented rural home, Timmy Willie makes his fancy friend a bed of grass clippings and the two mice sit together and share a herb pudding in the sun. Led from home by the aristocratic pea and summoned back by the humble cabbage, Timmy walks a green road that ends in fellowship; the country mouse has found himself a very dashing and nicely dressed gentleman with whom to share his vegetal idyll.

Timmy's green and savoury pudding stays with me as an ideal of hospitality - sprigged with the same foliage that canopies his modest dining table. So when I found shelling peas at the market last week, alongside a tangle of flowered and coiled pea shoots, I wanted to make something green and full of garden. I had invited my friend Bryn for dinner, to thank her for ushering me through a time of trial. Bryn is as lovely as a pea shoot herself, and real in a way that horrible mattress-piling queens could never divine. I felt that teacups should be involved in my homage to Bryn, because teacups are always, in all contexts, both homey and fancy – a mix, perhaps, of Timmy and Johnny. I have a set of glass teacups that I usually use to serve flowery tisanes, and it was these teacups that led me to choose chilled fresh pea soup. I found plenty of recipes that granted room to both herb and foliage. Some cooked a couple of fresh pods in with the peas, some used lettuce, and most used mint. I would use mint but also . . . something more.

What I found strange as I foraged for a recipe, was the universal agreement among cooks that green peas are, somehow, ineluctably English. It was “English peas” this and “English peas” that. The only exception, in a typical cross-channel stand off, is for the really tiny green peas – petit pois. Somehow the French have claimed land rights to the itty bitty ones. “The pea! It is English! You can see by its greenness, its pleasantness, its regularity! It is English!” “Pah! You English may have the regular pea, the galumphing big pea, but we, the French, will claim the tenderest, the tiniest, the sweetest!”

Not surprisingly, the history of the pea in both of these unpleasantly arrogant nations is a history of class distinction. In Paradisi in Sol (1629), John Parkinson writes: "Peas of all or most of these sorts, are either used when they are greene, and be a dish of meate for the table of the rich as well as poore, yet every one observing his time, and the kinde: the fairest, sweetest, youngest, and earliest for the better sort, the later and meaner kinds for the meaner, who do not give the deerest price." Meanwhile, across the water in France, a mania for green peas was prompted by a very real, very hissy-fit throwing princess indeed – an Italian one from a formidable family. Catherine de' Medici brought "pisella novelli" with her from Florence in 1533 for her marriage to Henry II and they soon became acclaimed as a royal dish – to be distinguished from the boiled peas eaten by the French peasantry. Little fresh green peas became the aristocratic craze. In a May 10, 1695 letter, Mme. De Maintenoy writes to Cardinal de Noailles: "The subject of peas is being treated at length: impatience to eat them, the pleasure of having eaten them, and the longing to eat them again are the three points about which our princes have been talking for four days. There are some ladies who, after having supped with the King, and well supped too, help themselves to peas at home before going to bed at the risk of indigestion. It is both a fashion and a madness."

In other words, The English and the French got peas from the Italians, then set about arguing over whose peas were whose, and denying peas to some and granting them to others. And true to form, both England and France conveniently forgot that peas are, in fact, Asian. The noble ancestor of the modern pea is believed to have dwelt somewhere between Afghanistan and northern India. My soup, I decided, would therefore have a tantalizing hint – almost unplaceable, but enough to annoy both English and French palates – of curry.

But culinary tussles over class and nation – and my own pedantic but ultimately delicious engagement – rage in vain around the pea. For quite some time now, peas themselves have quietly but firmly debunked the very premise of the battle. Once upon a time, British plant physiologist Thomas Andrew Knight (1759 - 1838), found a wrinkled, degenerate, miserable looking pea in a whole field of smooth green peas. Knight had ambitions to develop new and better breeds, and he suspected that treasures lurked in that tumble-down legume. A reach backwards, he realized, was in fact the way forward. A generation later, Gregor Johann Mendel chose peas for his studies of dominant and recessive traits, developing theories of genetic variation. Heredity, he began to demonstrate, is discontinuous. Princesses, in other words, are never real. Aristocracy and peasantry pop up where you least expect them – they are in fact interchangeable, inter-referenced variations on the same theme.

I sat in my kitchen in the morning, popping the seams of the pods and running a thumb along the ranks of peas. Shelling peas has a tactile rhythm to it and the peapod itself has a peculiar, Art Deco-like blend of symmetry and asymmetry. There is almost no work in the world as physically and aesthetically pleasing as shelling fresh peas. The peapods' mix of repetition – “as alike as peas in a pod” – and whimsy – those tapered, flutey-hatted stems – simultaneously awes and delights me. And the scent is pure summer.

That evening, Bryn tasted her soup delicately. She said nothing between her first spoonful and her second, but her silence was companionable, communicative and generous. She let me know she liked it by the way she blinked, slowly, dipping her spoon back into the taste of bright green.

Forbidden Fruit a flavor has
That lawful Orchards mocks --
How luscious lies within the Pod
The Pea that Duty locks --

-- Emily Dickinson





SYLLABUS: FRESH PEA SOUP

Serve this soup the same day that it is made, otherwise it will oxidise and lose its vivid green. The fiddly icing of the peas, before and after cooking, will help them retain their colour. The multiple sievings will produce a luxurious texture, but simply leave some out if you want a more rustic soup.

2oz (50g), 4 tblsp unsalted butter
6 oz or one bunch of spring onions or young, green-stemmed onions, chopped
one small butter lettuce, sliced
1 tsp sugar
1 1/4 tsp salt
1/4 tsp curry powder (best made yourself), or nutmeg
3 lbs in the pod, young green peas – save 4 or 5 of the freshest peapods
about 6 mint leaves
1 1/2 pints vegetable stock (or light chicken stock, or water)
salt and white pepper
crème fraiche for garnish
pea shoots or mint sprigs or reserved whole cooked peas to garnish

Heat a medium saucepan over high heat for about 1 minute. Add 4 tablespoons of butter and when it foams, stir in the onion, curry powder and 1 tsp of salt. Turn the heat down to medium and cook 5-7 minutes until the onion is translucent. Do not let it colour. Add the lettuce, stir to coat well and cook another 4-5 minutes until it has wilted. Stir in the mint leaves and turn off the heat.

Put the peas in a bowl, cover them with ice cubes and toss together to chill them.
Bring a large pot of water to a rolling boil and add the sugar and the salt. Remove the ice cubes from the peas and, adding to them, set up an ice bath of ice cubes and water with a colander sitting in it. Add the peas from to the boiling water. It is important that the water returns to a boil as quickly as possible, so only cook them in small batches, maintaining the boil. Cook for 7-10 minutes, depending on the quantity and quality of the peas, being sure not to undercook them. You should not strive for an al dente texture. Removing the peas with a strainer or slotted spoon, immediately dunk them into the colander in the ice bath. Repeat this process until all the peas are cooked, boiling the 4-5 peapods (for flavour) with one of the batches.

Puree the peas and the onion-lettuce mixture together in a food processor, adding a little of the stock to loosen it a little. Then scrape the puree through a tamis if you have one, or the finest mesh on a food mill. Place the puree in a blender with about half of the vegetable stock and blend. Adjust the consistency, using the rest of your stock. Pour through a Chinois and chill well. Once cold, add salt and white pepper to taste. Serve decorated with pea shoots or mint leaves and a small scoop of crème fraiche.

17 Comments:

Anonymous Anonymous said...

O Rare Pea -- at last you have been taken up in all your rich diversity -- "alike as two peas in a pod" harumph! Please pass the peas of the evening, beautiful soup!

There is one meaning for "pea" that I learned in the navy (the peasoup there was a grog) that you have not discussed -- the one that sailors' favorite poet E. Dickinson calls "the pea that duty locks" -- a "tender button" indeed!

You go, Syllabub --

Scarletina Scaparelli

7:03 am  
Blogger Syllabub said...

Dear Scarletina

Thank you for directing me towards Emily's green pearl. You will see that I have immediately unlocked the blog and inserted the poem. Of course - as a navy man - my grandfather recited this poem to me often. Most formative.

Syllabub

10:23 am  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Once when touring Provence, a French woman dressed in jogging clothes approached me with her arms open to embrace me, and then said most musically as she twilled around, "Je suis tres contente".
I was alarmed! I read in tour books never trust a Frenchman who approaches you in public--they're up to no good. I also read that French women never wear sportswear in public. Here I am assaulted by both national crimes in one offender. My french-literate daughter, assured me, "Mom it's OK. She's drunk and she's telling us that she is very happy. She's harmless."

Later that afternoon we had lunch in a hillside town and being overcome by the meal preparations, the ancient environs, I leaned back in my chair and said, "Je suis tres contente." The chef overheard me, grabbed a bottle of wine, and with his wife joined us at the table, and said the equivalent of, "It's good to be happy." We passed several hours speaking our native tongues and understanding every word as the spirits that were present translated the harmony that we shared.

Sitting at your table that evening with the pea soup, the tiny curled tendrils, and infant blossom, I was transfixed and carried to that deep place of contentment. How does one even speak when in that holy place?

Bryn

10:26 am  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Oh, welcome back, oh welcome her return!
At last, I can be inspired to cook again!

Neil

10:08 pm  
Anonymous Anne said...

"Syllabub" is a lucious sensuous place for me, where literature, history, the culinary arts and visual images all come together; it gives me SUCH pleasure whenever there's a new entry--for which many, many thanks.

This month my questins are biologic:

1) According to what rubric is the pea "the greenest fruit"?

2) How was Mendel's demonstration of the discontinuity of heredity a demonstration of the unreality of the roles/categories each of us (the princess among us) occupies?

Although not predictable, although not reified, although varied and various and constructed (biologically or socially: race/class/gender...) categories can still be quite real in their actions in the world...

No??
Still savoring the deliciousness of that (unreal!) soup--
Anne

10:29 pm  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

You pod popping, puree preparing, pleasure pilot of palpably puissant pulchritude....!!!!

but wait: I thought pea green was a property of asparagus? Didn't someone set out to prove that once?

Pulcinella

8:33 am  
Anonymous Mrs. Beasley said...

“We know a remote farm in Lincolnshire, where Mrs. Buckley lives. Every July, peas grow there.”

11:01 am  
Blogger Phillip said...

Every time I read something new on this site, I'm inspired to cook up a storm.

Speaking of storms, often, when I read your posts, it seems that they, and the recipes which come after, are inspired by moods - do you have any suggestions for meals to cook (and eat!) while a thunderstorm brews?

2:20 pm  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Now I can REALLY visualize whirled peas, and make whirled peas myself! J.

6:02 pm  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I always thought The Princess and the Pea was an interesting tale. But, being of a practical bent, I was more concerned about how on earth the unfortunate princess could possibly perch atop all those mattresses and eiderdowns without the whole edifice tumbling to the floor in the middle of the night. It's no wonder she didn't sleep well.

And do you suppose the mob-capped maids all slept on the floor-boards that night? Or perhaps the bony queen kept a special store of bed-ware purely for the singling out of would-be princesses.

3:54 am  
Blogger Joe said...

Wow, I have never seen so much written about peas. Interesting blog. I'll be back.

Oh, found you via Michele, via your comment on my blog.

11:36 am  
Blogger ParisBreakfasts said...

Beautiful pictures..
Beautiful pea green...
I would love to cook up some paint this color..

1:33 pm  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I really enjoyed your post, but also have some remarks about the Anderson tale, on the subject of the red herring-- the "twenty mattresses and twenty feather beds" in comparison with the tiny pea, is so exaggerated, it smacks of minmization of real concerns... similar to Justice Thomas' minimizations of Anita Hill, which she addresses here: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/02/opinion/02hill.html?ex=1191988800&en=ec6c3369f911c6f9&ei=5070&emc=eta1

Besides the question of how the princess could perch on so many mattresses, it seems she had very little choice about having them, but they put her immediately at such a remove as to be more a thing than a real person; her status seems actually imposed on her rather than wished for, and then used against her: "we've taken such good care of you..."

And what about her real, human needs? What if she has to pee? How does she get down without falling and killing herself? And then the fascination with her bed-- who wants their bedroom habits, private experiences, predilections to be such a matter of public judgement and censure? The mattresses and so on seem so institutionalized and the "test" entirely on the terms of the royalty, but interesting that the princess didn't have the opportunity to test the prince about being a real prince, or the queen about being a real queen.

I think when confronted with such a situation, anyone might well be pissed.

4:12 pm  
Blogger  said...

to be honest i happened here by accident, i was visiting another blog, clicked something next to something else and somehow ended up on your blog ...but i'm so happy for that wrong click! what an amazing place this is, i must go and read lots lots more now! so fascinating, wow! my bedroom back in the uk is celadon green, love it! and this year i tried making hot cross buns for the first time, lots of fun. have a good day.

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